Journal Contents

Am Jour Ophthalmol
Br J Ophthalmol
Can J Ophthalmol
J Cat Ref Surg
Curr Eye Res
Eur J Ophthalmol
J Glaucoma
JAMA Ophthalmol
Graefes Ophthalmol
Indian J Ophthalmol
Int Ophthalmol Clin
Invest Ophth Vis Sci
Jpn J Ophthalmol
Korean J Ophthal
J Neuroophthalmol
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
Ophthalmic Genet
Ophthal Plast Rec Surg
Ophthalmic Res
Surv Ophthalmol
Ophthalmology Review Journal
Volume 4 Established 1995


Optic disc hemorrhages in a population with and without signs of glaucoma.
Healey PR, Mitchell P, Smith W, Wang JJ
Ophthalmology 1998 Feb;105(2):216-223

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associations of optic disc hemorrhage in a well-defined older Australian population.

DESIGN: The study design was a population-based, cross-sectional study.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3654 persons 49 years of age or older, representing 88% of permanent residents from an area west of Sydney, participated in the study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants underwent a detailed eye examination. The diagnosis of optic disc hemorrhage was made from masked photographic grading; disc hemorrhages were subclassified as flame or blot in shape. Open-angle glaucoma was diagnosed from matching visual field loss and optic disc rim thinning.

RESULTS: The overall prevalence of disc hemorrhage in either or both eyes was 1.4%. Disc hemorrhage prevalence was higher in women (odds radios [OR], 1.9; confidence interval [CI], 1.0-3.5) and increased with age (OR, 2.2 per decade; CI, 1.7-2.8 per decade). The overall prevalence in subjects with open-angle glaucoma was 13.8% (8% in high-pressure glaucoma and 25% in low-pressure glaucoma) and 1.5% in subjects with ocular hypertension. Disc hemorrhages were associated with increasing intraocular pressure (OR, 1.7 per 5 mmHg; CI, 1.3-2.3 per 5 mmHg), pseudoexfoliation (OR, 3.5; CI, 1.1-11.8), diabetes (OR, 2.9; CI, 1.4-6.3), and increasing systolic blood pressure (OR, 1.1 per 10 mmHg; CI, 1.0-1.3) after adjusting for age and gender. Among subjects without open-angle glaucoma, disc hemorrhages were more frequent in eyes with larger vertical cup-disc ratios and in subjects with a history of typical migraine headache (OR, 2.2; CI, 1.1-4.6). No associations were found among subjects with a history of vascular events, smoking, regular aspirin use, or myopia.

CONCLUSIONS: Disc hemorrhage prevalence in this population is higher than that in the two previous population-based reports. Although the strong association of disc hemorrhage with open-angle glaucoma was confirmed (particularly low-pressure glaucoma), most disc hemorrhages (70%) were found in participants without definite signs of glaucoma.

Authors' abstract, Ophthalmol
University of Sydney,
NSW, Australia.

[ ORJ-Subject ] [ ORJ-Date ] [ IO Home ] [ Glaucoma ]


Cystoid macular edema and anterior uveitis associated with latanoprost use. Experience and incidence in a retrospective review of 94 patients.
Warwar RE, Bullock JD, Ballal D
Ophthalmology 1998 Feb;105(2):263-268

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of cystoid macular edema and anterior uveitis associated with the use of latanoprost. DESIGN: A retrospective review of patients treated with latanoprost in the authors' practice between September 1, 1996, and August 1, 1997, was performed.

PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four patients and 163 eyes were studied.

INTERVENTION: Patients presenting with signs and symptoms of ocular inflammation while receiving latanoprost were noted, and their response to the discontinuation of the drug was recorded.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The presence and degree of anterior uveitis and cystoid macular edema were measured.

RESULTS: Six (6.4%) of 94 patients (8 [4.9%] of 163 eyes) had anterior uveitis develop, and 2 (2.1%) of 94 patients (2 [1.2%] of 163 eyes) had cystoid macular edema develop while being treated with latanoprost.

CONCLUSION: Although latanoprost is an effective ocular-hypotensive agent, the authors' experience with the drug has shown a significant incidence of anterior uveitis and cystoid macular edema. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to report the incidence of both cystoid macular edema and anterior uveitis associated with latanoprost therapy. Treating physicians should be aware of these potential complicating side effects of latanoprost.

Authors' abstract, Ophthalmol
Dayton, Ohio

[ ORJ-Subject ] [ ORJ-Date ] [ IO Home ] [ Glaucoma ]